Nikita Khrushchev, at the United Nations. The leader of the Soviet Union said  to the United States: "We will bury you."

An editorial cartoon summing up the situation.

All Americans should have a well-equipped bomb shelter. But not that many did.

Game makers got into the act.

A comic book.

A newspaper advertisement for bomb shelter supplies

People were urged to purchase gas masks like this.

Military scientists watch a nuclear bomb test in the desert.

The media fanned the flames of fear.

Everyone was drawn into the situation (above). Miss Atomic Test  (right)